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ow that Adeleke is in the saddle, he should be politically savvy and thread softy to avoid more landmines already laid for him, otherwise his administration will be the shortest in the history of the State of Osun. He has begun badly indeed! It is easy to break dance during electioneering campaign and assembled celebrity musicians to scour for votes but ruling the sophisticated people of the Land of Virtues will require more than Gangnam sitzfleisch. Ademola's serendipitous spell in the Senate in 2017 is not enough experience to govern the state and even though politics, as someone once noted, is the only profession on earth which requires no qualification, in Nigeria and more so in Osun, you must possess minimum educational qualification to govern the second state with the most educated people in Nigeria, according to UNESCO. Adeleke is his own bogeyman. Gboyega Oyetola will return as governor anon!" ---- Dr Moshood Ademola Fayemiwo, PhD Tuesday December 06, 2022, in this column vide this link:-(

The political sciatica of Gboyega Oyetola and Ademola Adeleke of the State of Osun is just beginning. None of their human efforts will pay off this time around compared with the during the electioneering campaign. As I noted earlier on in this column, winning through the ballot box is markedly different from winning from On High. Both need Divine Intervention and who gets to The Jesus Christ Solution Center, TX wins the day as our prophecies declare. According to the Evergreen Words of the True Lord God Almighty in His Unchanging Words: "After the death of Ahab, Moab rebelled against Israel. Now Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria and injured himself. So, he sent messengers and instructed them: "Go inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I will recover from this injury." But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, "Go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria and ask them, 'Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are on your way to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron?' Therefore, this is what the LORD says: 'You will not get up from the bed on which you are lying. You will surely die.'" So, Elijah departed�. And Elijah said to King Ahaziah, "This is what the LORD says: Is there really no God in Israel for you to inquire of His word? Is that why you have sent messengers to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore, you will not get up from the bed on which you are lying. You will surely die." So Ahaziah died according to the word of the LORD that Elijah had spoken. And since he had no son, Jehoram succeeded him in the second year of the reign of Jehoramb son of Jehoshaphat over Judah" (2 Kings 1:1-17).


The two gladiators for the governorship seat of the State of Osun vacated by my good friend, Ogbeni Rauf Adesoji Aregbesola four years ago are in for a tough time and the political fight of their lives. As I have noted last month, Sen. Ademola Nurudeen Jackson Adeleke must be ready to do what is humanly possible to retain this seat, but all human efforts will not be enough to keep his seat. As we pointed out through the Power of the Holy Spirit and reproduced above, Adeleke's tenure may be the shortest in the history of the State of Osun. Oyetola too needs more than human efforts to return to Abere Government House, Osogbo and must do what is needed and divine to return as the helmsman and complete his second and final term as governor.


Grab a copy format-hardback, softback, ebook, audiobook- of unarguably the first and only unauthorized biography of Asiwaju Bolanle Ahmed Adekunle Tinubu wherever good books are sold in the world Now!


Lagos was the city where the political action was in pre-independent Nigeria. Anyone who could be said to be relevant in Nigeria's political evolution began their political journey from the city of Lagos. This was the political heartbeat and barometer of Nigeria after the 1914 amalgamation of the southern and northern protectorates by Lugard. As they say in Nigeria, it all started in Lagos. The colonial administration had their political headquarters in Lagos and the seat of the federal government operated from Lagos which governed the south-western part of Nigeria. Initially the colonial office operated from the confluence city of Lokoja in present-day capital of Kogi state. But much later, the seat of the colonial administration moved to Lagos when Lugard assumed position as the British governor-general of Nigeria in 1900. After political independence was attained in 1960, the national government remained in Lagos.

The early nationalists began their agitations for self-government in Lagos and virtually all the national institutions that controlled the executive, legislative and the judiciary were stationed and operated in Lagos. The political juggernaut known today as the Asiwaju of the Yoruba race; Bolanle Adekunle Ahmed Tinubu was born in Lagos island on Saturday March 29, 1952. He lost his biological father very early in life and the lot fell on her mother, Alhaja Abibatu Mogaji and the other relatives of the large and expansive members of the Tinubu family to look after the half-orphan. Young Tinubu began his journey in life when he was enrolled at the famous St. John's Primary School, Aroloya on Lagos island in 1958. The Nigerian Youth Movement normally met at St. John's Primary School at Aroloya under the guise of organizing music sessions for choristers at the school. The Zikist Movement was also in the habit of holding nocturnal meetings at the school. St John's Primary School, Aroloya, Lagos island was also the venue where the first action paper was written by the committee of students that morphed later into a strong political movement as disclosed by retired Justice Paul Nwokedi of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. Nwokedi, the pioneer chairman, national human rights commission (NHRC) and one-time chairman, Nigerian law reform commission, who was a member of the action student committee said the committee report later led to the first meeting of what eventually became the Action Group (AG) political party led by the late sage Chief Obafemi Awolowo. The meeting of the committee of students gave birth to the inauguration of the Action Group (AG) at the palace of Sir Thomas Olateru Olagbegi II, the Olowo of Owo in Owo division in present-day Ondo state in 1951. A year later, Bolanle Ahmed Adekunle Tinubu was born.

Nigerian historians and political humorists commonly assert that, prior to 1960 when the British colonial authorities ceded the political stage for the local politicians to govern themselves; Nigeria sat on three legs. The western region was administered by the Action Group (AG), political party led by the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo; the eastern region was controlled by the National Citizens of Nigerians and the Cameroons (NCNC), led by the late Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, while the Northern People's Congress (NPC) was led by Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the late Sardauna of Sokoto. Chief Awolowo ruled western region with administrative capital in Ibadan, Azikiwe held court in the coal city of Enugu, while Bello ruled in the northern region's town of Kaduna. The seat of the federal government was in commercial Lagos. Between 1887 and 1900, the British colonial authorities brought all the disparate towns, villages, cities, and regions in the areas known as Nigeria together under British colonial rule. The large swath of land was divided into the north and south; referred to as the northern and southern protectorates of Nigeria. In 1903, the British colonial authorities conquered the Hausa-Fulani Caliphate based in Sokoto, which had in turn conquered much of what eventually became northern Nigeria. This occurred through the Jihad or Holy War waged by the legendary Othman Dan Fodio. Three years later, Lagos was annexed to become part of the southern protectorate of Nigeria just as Sokoto became part of the northern protectorate of Nigeria. Following the outbreak of WWI, the British colonial authorities were concerned about the costs of the global war and dwindling budgetary allocations to run and administer their foreign colonies. This necessitated the merging of the colony of Lagos and the southern and northern protectorates together as Nigeria.

The 1914 annexation and unification of both the north and south was later referred to as the amalgamated territories of Nigeria. Conscious of the impact of WWI on the psyches of other peoples of the world toward foreign domination and imperialism, especially colonial territories that fought in the global war, the colonial government in Nigeria began to chart ways to disengage from Africa so the natives could govern themselves. This was to materialize in the next three decades after several outspoken Nigerians; especially the early educated elites who studied in the United Kingdom, the Americas and other parts of the world led the nationalist struggles for political independence. In the next three decades, the British colonial authorities took Nigeria through five constitutional arrangements. The colonialists successfully welded all the centrifugal and centripetal territories of Nigeria into a single whole. In 1922, the Clifford Constitution was born. It allowed Nigerians to stand for elections as legislative members for Lagos council. The signals that the British colonial government gave it was preparing Nigerians for self-government, coupled with the push on the path of the early Nigerian nationalists led to the formation of Nigeria's first political organization; the Nigerian Youth Movement-NYM- by Mr. Herbert Macaulay in 1936. For administrative convenience and to ensure the autonomy of the constituents' parts of Nigeria, Governor Bernard Henry Bourdillion (1935-1943), who took over from Mr. Donald Charles Cameron (1931-1935) in the fall of 1935 divided southern Nigeria into two separate entities known as: western and eastern regions in 1939. Seizing on the political ferment in the country, some southern politicians coalesced around the great Nigerian orator, journalist, philosopher, and the b�te noire of the British colonial administration, Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe to float a political party known as the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons in 1944. Notable foundation members of the NCNC were Mr. Herbert Macaulay, who co-founded the NCNC-Nigeria's first political party with Mr. Azikiwe- Messrs. Theophilus Olawale Shobowale Benson, Adeniran Ogunsanya, Patrick Nwakama Ottih of southern Cameroons, Harold Dappa-Biriye, Kenekueyero B. Omateseye, and Mrs. Funmilayo Ransome- Kuti, the first treasurer and women leader of the party among others. In 1946, a new colonial governor-general of Nigeria was sent from Britain, and a new constitution known as Richard's Constitution named after Mr. Arthur Richards (1943-1947) was passed into law.

Seizing the initiative of their southern counterparts that had formed a political party five years earlier, politicians in the northern region of Nigeria met in Kaduna and formed the Northern People's Congress (NPC) in 1949. The main movers behind the formation of NPC, which began, first as a cultural organization before it morphed into a full-fledged political party were Messrs. Ahmadu Bello and Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa. Other notable foundation members of the NPC were Mr. Maitama Sule, Mr. Shehu Shagari, who was to become Nigeria's first executive president (1979-1983), and others. Gov. Richard left Nigeria and was replaced by Mr. John Stuart McPherson in 1947. The latter was instrumental in setting the stage for regional elections in Nigeria a year later. Three years later, a political magus in the western region, who had returned from the United Kingdom as a lawyer, only 41 years old, rallied all traditional rulers, the intelligentsia, and elites in the western region of Nigeria to form a political party known as the Action Group (AG). The young attorney was the legendary Mr. Obafemi Jeremiah Awolowo. The launching of the political party took place in April 1951. The AG was initially a cultural association called; "Egbe Omo Oduduwa." Literally; "Club for descendants of Oduduwa." Other foundation members of the AG were Messrs. Adekunle Ajasin, Bode Thomas, Adesoji Aderemi, the Ooni of Ife, Timothy Olateru- Olagbegi II, the Olowo of Owo and others. As if the British colonial authorities had clearly read the political mood of Nigerians aftermath of WWII, in 1951, Mr. Macpherson approved a new constitution and elections were held in the three regions of the north, west, and east. The British regional governors served as the chief electoral officers for the 1951 regional elections.

In Lagos, based on the Macpherson Constitution adopted in 1951, Lagos island was declared as a federal territory of Lagos on July 7, 1954. That essentially made the area of about 70 square kilometers, including the city of Lagos itself the seat of the colonial government. This officially made Lagos the federal capital territory like Abuja is today in Nigeria. In 1955, Mr. Ralph Francis Alwick Grey was appointed as the chief secretary to the Lagos state government. He remained in this position till 1955 when Mr. T.F. Barker replaced him preparatory to Nigeria's political independence in 1960. Meanwhile, the colonial administration allowed the Northern People's Congress (NPC) to control Lagos state based on the national census conducted, which gave majority to the northern region. Consequently, the NPC government appointed Malam Muhammadu Ribadu as the minister of Lagos between 1957 and 1960. The Ribadu Road in Obalende was named after him and two of his children, Malam Nuhu Ribadu and grand-daughter, Aisha Buhari (nee Ribadu) later became presidential candidate and first lady of Nigeria respectively. Ribadu's successor as minister of Lagos, Malam Musa Yar'Adua was in the position at independence in 1960 till 1966 when the military terminated the civilian experiment via a bloody coup d'�tat. Malam Musa Yar'Adua's children; Shehu Musa Yar'Adua and Umaru Musa Yar'Adua later governed Nigeria as military deputy head of state (1976-1979) and elected civilian president (2007-2010) respectively.

These historical facts are important to show those that are shouting that certain rights be conceded to "true" Lagosian, because from time immemorial, Lagos is an all- comers-affair and belongs to no one. Although there are settlers that could be referred to as the "aborigines" but from the history of Lagos, everyone came at one point or the other, from some place before calling Lagos a permanent home. Meanwhile, in south -western Nigeria, the British colonial administration allowed limited autonomy for the regions culminating in the lifting of ban on political activities in 1951. The Action Group (AG) led by the indomitable Obafemi Awolowo won majority in the western regional parliament, which included the current territories of Edo and Delta states up to Sapele. Chief Obafemi Awolowo became the leader of government business between 1951 and October 1954 and later served as premier (which today is equivalent to a governor) of the region. He was in office from October 1, 1954, to the eve of Nigeria's political independence on December 15, 1959, allowing for political transition on October 1, the following year. Chief Obafemi Awolowo nursed the ambition of becoming the president of Nigeria at independence. Consequently, on December 15, 1959, he relinquished his premiership to his deputy, Ogbomoso-born Chief Samuel Ladoke Akintola, who governed south- western Nigeria till May 21, 1962, when another election was held. Chief Awolowo lost his presidential bid to Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa of the Northern Peoples' Congress (NPC). He was unable to form a national majority to govern the newly-independent nation. This necessitated the NPC to enter a coalition government with Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe and his party, the National Convention of Nigerian Citizens (NCNC), which had changed its name from the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) after southern Cameroon conducted a referendum and the result showed the people opted not to be merged with Nigeria as an independent nation. The accord yielded a national government headed by Dr Azikiwe as governor- general and ceremonial president-a sinecure post in a parliamentary system. The real power was wielded by Sir Abubakar Tafewa-Balewa as prime minister. The AG under Chief Awolowo rebuffed overtures from both the NPC and NCNC to form a government of national unity, but under strict conditions. The conditions were: first, the Tafewa-Balewa administration must undertake to implement fully the following programs nationally: free and compulsory primary education all over Nigeria at independence. Second, full implementation of free medical, comprehensive, universal national health care, rural infrastructural development nationwide and gainful employment to all able-bodied citizens in the newly- independent nation. The NPC government could not commit to such people-oriented and radical nationwide transformation of Nigeria in 1960 so Chief Obafemi Awolowo and his party remained in opposition. Chief Obafemi Awolowo left his former political station at Ibadan and relocated to Lagos to become the leader of opposition at the Federal House of Parliament. Between 1960 and 1966 when the military struck and ended the civilian government now referred to as the first republic in Nigeria's political history, Alhaji Dauda Soroye Adegbenro served as premier of south- western Nigeria from May 21 to May 29, 1962. This was against the backdrop of the crisis at the south-western regional parliament at Agodi, Ibadan when Chief Samuel Ladoke Akintola and his political supporters broke away from the AG to form a factional party. Known as the 1962 regional crisis, which many alleged was instigated by the Balewa federal government, Dr Moses Adekoyejo Majekodunmi was appointed an interim administrator or premier from May 29, 1962, to December 1962 for election to be conducted in the south -western region. The United People's Party (UPP) formed by the break-away AG led by Chief Akintola "won" the election. Chief Akintola was returned as regional premier on January 1, 1963. He remained in office till January 15, 1966, when he was assassinated in a bloody military coup d'�tat that terminated the first republic. The Awolowo political group claimed the elections were massively rigged. There was breakdown of law and order, and its supporters unleashed an orgy of blood-letting, arson, kidnappings, murders, and killings across the south-western region. The political crisis which engulfed the south-western region would later be referred to as "the wild, wild west."

Meanwhile, one of the major reforms the Awolowo administration undertook that placed the south- west and mid-west (before it was carved out as a separate region in 1963) areas of Nigeria ahead of the curve in pre- and post-independent era was the free education program of the Action Group (AG) ruling party. As the regional minister for local government and leader of government business, Chief Awolowo presented his budget speech to the western house of assembly at Ibadan and said; "�our government would give priority to free education as far as possible as government expenditure shall allow it and it shall be free�expenditure on services which tend to the welfare and health and education of the people should be increased at the expense of any expenditure that does not answer to the same test." Asiwaju Bolanle Tinubu was only four months old when Chief Awolowo mandated his minister of education, Dr. Samuel Oduwole Awokoya to spell out the scheme, sensitize parents in the south-and- mid-west areas of Nigeria to the immediate, full, compulsory, and comprehensive implementation of the scheme beginning 1955. As late Prof. Babatunde Fafunwa, educationist, author and former minister of education once said: "The free education program of the Awolowo Administration in western region in the 1950s was the boldest and perhaps the most unprecedented educational scheme in Africa South of the Sahara." History has it that the free education policy was conceived by Chief Awolowo and fleshed out in details by his most dependable and close confidante; late Chief Michael Adekunle Ajasin, the Asiwaju of Owo and later Asiwaju of Yoruba land following Awo's pass on to glory. Disclosed a source: "The task fell on the lap of Baba Michael Adekunle Ajasin to develop the policy paper to implement a compulsory universal free primary education for western Nigeria. It was a bold audacious leap into the future, the first of its kind in Africa. Ajasin drew from his experience in his days at the Institute of Education, London UK. There, he had studied comparative education with interest in the Scottish system of education. The primary school education would be six years in duration followed by three years of junior secondary education, then three years of senior secondary education and finally four years of university education. The commencement day for the universal primary education was to be 1955." However, Chief Ajasin was a legislator in the federal parliament under the AG in Lagos and Chief Awolowo, as leader of opposition wanted votes, thus making Ajasin the minister of education at Ibadan would deplete the chances of the AG in confronting the NPC-NCNC coalition federal government in legislative matters. Consequently, "�the herculean task of implementing the program fell on the rather broad shoulders of the minister of education for western Nigeria," added our source.

There were three planks of the free, compulsory, and universal education program namely: massive and aggressive teacher and administrators' recruitment, training, the introduction of secondary modern school, which entailed preparing young students between the ages of 13 and 16 for artisanship and vocational education; and finally, harmonizing the system without lowering quality. Dr Samuel Awokoya told the western regional parliament at Agodi Ibadan that, primary school graduates should be given the opportunity for alternative career paths, either secondary school or modern school. The former would lead them to university and strict knowledge-based careers while the latter; the two-year modern school would prepare students for careers in different vocations. He explained that government trade centers, which later became known as technical colleges would cater to the vocational-minded and artisan-focused career paths. Conscious of the constitutional conferences going on between the nationalists and the British colonial government that would herald the granting of independence in 1960, the AG was already preparing for the number of universities and institutions of higher learning in the region. The only university; the nations' premier university; the University College at Ibadan affiliated to the University of London would be incapable of producing the number of professionals needed for the region's manpower needs. In July 1952, the blueprint for what eventually became known as compulsory, universal and free education program of the Awolowo administration had been prepared by the finest minds and brilliant academics ever assembled in any nation in the black world. As many confessed, Chief Awolowo was comfortable among intellectuals and he painstakingly tapped into their ideas. He started his administration by awarding massive scholarships to brilliant and well-deserving young men and women in the region to go study in Western countries with the expectations they would return home to join the teaching profession with eye on the free education scheme. This was the beginning of wave of producing the first set of medical doctors, engineers, attorneys and lawyers, educationists' scientists etc. by the Yorubas and their mid-west counterparts/brothers and sisters in Nigeria. As one political commentator said, "Chief Obafemi Awolowo had a vision and foresight; he knew the power of education in the life of any human being; because of his own personal experience; he invested in his people. If the other two regional governments had emulated him, Nigeria's history would have been different today." Awolowo himself had lost his father, the breadwinner of the family early in life. He had a hectic time acquiring western education. When he eventually made it through the generous assistance of kindred and the grace of God; he was determined to make access to western education a top priority as a government policy when he entered public service. "Imagine what would have happened, if other regions in Nigeria had adopted the free and compulsory educational policy of the AG in the south- west; say the NPC agreed to its full implementation in the north and the NCNC under Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe in the east; Nigeria would have been transformed overnight," said the political analyst.

Chief Awolowo insisted that parents in the entire region at the grassroots should be sensitized to the benefits and advantages of enrolling their children and wards into the scheme. He mandated Dr Awokoya to put in place massive mobilization efforts throughout the region before the scheme would take-off. The young men and women sent abroad on foreign scholarships by the south-western regional government would have completed their academic studies to be absorbed as teachers and administrators into the scheme. For three years, officials of the regional ministry of education moved around towns and villages with hand bills written in Yoruba Language distributed to parents, market women, rural farmers, and traders on the need to enroll their children and wards into the free education scheme. Some of the handbills read: "Eko fun Omo Gbogbo Ni Ipinle Iwo-Orun Nigeria," meaning; "Free Education for All Children in the Black World, Nigeria." There was a monthly magazine called Nigeria; A quarterly magazine of general interest, which sold for 2/pence that the regional government also enlisted to popularize the scheme. It advertised the free education program as part of its mobilization and campaign toward effective take-off the scheme. Inside the handbill, a graphic illustration of a teacher and group of students in school uniform was printed teaching. To encourage mothers to enroll their daughters and erase the taboo among villagers that "the place of a daughter/woman was in the kitchen," as erroneously asserted by illiterate rural dwellers, another set of handbills were printed depicting women teachers and women primary school students. Another form of public awareness effort was drawing causality between free education and comprehensive health delivery system. In one flyer or handbill, the AG wrote in Yoruba Language for residents in the western region and translated same to Edo and other local languages spoken in the then mid-west sub-zone: "Ni igba kan ri, opolop awon alaisan ni o wa ti ko ri iranlowo. Ijoba nfe itoju ati egbogi ofe fun gbogbo enia. Opolopo iwosan titun ni a nko. Opolopo owo ni ao si lo fun eyi-boya a to ogorun oke poun lododun," meaning, "In the past, there were many diseases and sick people that needed medical care and treatment; Government wants to care for these people and everyone. This will require massive investment on the part of the state, but we are committed to the proper annual financial investment in this regard." Then it solicited for children enrollment from citizens to be able to produce medical doctors, nurses, and allied professionals to realize this objective.

The campaigns were effective, and the free and compulsory education scheme took off in 1955 after the three-year campaign by the AG. Precisely, on January 17, 1955, all 6-year-old kids, male and female living in Lagos to Sapele, Saki to Okitipupa must be enrolled. Parents and guardians that violated the law risked immediate arrest and prosecution. According to studies and research later conducted, the free, universal, and compulsory education program by the Awolowo government between 1955 and 1966 was the greatest investment any government had made in promoting access to education anywhere in the black world. The program put the Yoruba people and the mid-westerners ahead of the curves as it is evident today by the earliest set of professionals in Nigeria came from the regions. The impact and effects of the free education scheme were immediate and unprecedented. School enrollment spiked from 456,600 to 811,432 in the first year alone: 1955. That was an increase of 354,832 primary school students' enrollments as compared to the previous year. What was remarkable was the impact on girls' education. Parents and guardians had no choice, but to allow their daughters/girls enroll in the scheme. After all, they weren't paying for it; including school uniform and writing materials books, pencils, pens etc. By 1959, female enrolment had increased from one girl to four as compared with just one girl to ten in enrollment the previous years. Primary school enrollment for boys also went up. The number of schools increased exponentially. In 1952, there were only 3,550 primary schools in the entire western and mid-western regions, but in two years, towns, villages and hamlets were enjoying the real dividends of democracy as the AG had constructed 6,274 primary schools across the regions. Young Bolanle was one of the beneficiaries of the free education program of Chief Obafemi Awolowo in 1958 when he started schooling. Years later, when providence catapulted him to the powerful position of governor of Lagos state, he followed the footsteps of the first Asiwaju of Yoruba land; Chief Obafemi Awolowo and introduced the same scheme in Lagos state for the benefits of all citizens. TO BE CONTINUED TILL MONDAY FEBRUARY 20,2023

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