FEATURE ARTICLE

Lucas AnuforoThursday, November 24, 2016
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Dublin, Ireland

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THE RISE OF NEO FASCISM IN EUROPE AND AMERICA


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"I'm afraid, base on my own experience that Fascism will come to America in the name of national security."...Jim Garrison

"We seem to be long way off from the kind of fascism which we behold in Italy today, but we are not so far from the kind of Fascism which Mussolini preached in Italy before he assumed power, and we are slowly approaching the conditions which made Fascism there possible."... John T. Flynn

"Racism and hatred of foreigners constitute a direct violation of the basis of freedom, democracy and the rule of law," Wouter Bos.

he rise of far- Right parties and its ideologies are sweeping across the Western world just like the Arab Spring which the world witnessed not quite long ago in the Middle- East.

During the period of the 20th century, some states in Europe were consumed with leadership syndrome of Fascism it was established basically for various philosophies of ideas. Within the period some European states have diversified different ways to implement its smooth running. Fascism was originated from Italy under the guardian leadership of Benito Mussolini and his National Fascist Party. Other countries like Austria, Germany, Greece, Hungary etc have their fair shares on the despotic regime. However, several populist movements have emerged as a result of the influence of fascist regime that took its threshold across Europe during the period.

In Latin America, the demonic regime showed its ugly face throughout the mid-1940s and 1950s Juan and Evita Perón of Argentina welcomed populism as an ideal regime which created social inequality and restriction on the opposition. Other leaders like Getúlio Vargas of Brazil and Ecuador's José Velasco Ibarra they were all apostles of Fascism.

In the 21st century, fascism was later re-emerged under the guise of democracy in Venezuela by the late Hugo Chávez the leader of the Bolivarian Revolution. Despite, the economic prosperity enjoyed by Chávez's regime popular opinion was subdued, Press freedom was restrained and oppositions were in an antagonistic struggle with the ruling Party because of the totalitarian nature of the regime. The Chávez's death left his assistant Nicolás Maduro vulnerable to control the economy coupled with the fall in the price of the hydro- carbon product in the World Oil Market. Today the Venezuela's economy is in a state of turmoil and insolvent.

The emergence of populism was much eminent in the last summer referendum that saw Great Britain's exit (Brexit) from the European Union. The leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) a far-Right politician, Mr Nigel Farage claimed victory and responsibility of pulling Britain out from the Union. Unfortunately, the impact of the withdrawal has not yet felt until 'Article 50' of the EU is invoked that will signal the beginning of Britain's disengagement from EU. This process is expected to start towards the first quarter of 2017. The hallmarks of the referendum were mostly based on immigration and excessive concentration of power on Brussels and even some were accusing EU of becoming a Super State. In one of Trump's campaign rally, the leader of UKIP Nigel Farage was in attendance so as to galvanise support for the Republican candidate and more so foster populist alliance between the United Kingdom and the United States.

The war in the Middle-east, the terror attack in Europe and America gave the far- Right movement a louder voice to speak out especially on issues of immigration and how millions of refugees were crossing the borders of Europe. Many populists have consistently; showed concern on the consequences of mass migration in Europe as a whole. Some see it as a means through which terrorist gangs could have access in the continent and do more havoc. Since the attack in France and in Belgium, the anti-Semitism and xenophobic attack by the populist movements is at the increase in these countries.

However, the Franch far-Right National Front Party leader Marine Le Pen has the biggest advance of the far-Right in Europe. Marine Le Pen and her father Jean-Marie Le Pen have been the crusaders of anti- immigration and also expressed their concerns over the growth of Islam as a religion in France. After the attack in Paris, Marine Le Pen said: "Islamist fundamentalism must be annihilated, France must ban Islamist organisation, close radical mosques and expel foreigners who preach hatred in our country as illegal migrants who have nothing to do here." "The progressive Islamisation of our country and the increase in political-religious demands are calling into question the survival of our civilisation." -Marine Le Pen

In October 2016, the populist and Right-wing Swiss People's Party won almost 30 percent of the vote, the largest proportion ever, in federation elections. In Austria, in late September 2016 saw far-Right Freedom Party shoved aside the mainstream centre-Left Party out of the second in a state election in the Upper Austria.

Also, In Netherlands the far-Right leader Geert Wilders whose party is "Party for Freedom" (PVV) is a populist and anti- immigrants especially Moroccans living in Netherlands. Several times he had made some derogatory and incitement speeches against the Islamic religion. The case against Wilders in 2011 was his call for a "towel-head" tax and comparing the Qur'an with Hitler's Mien Kampf. He said "Muslim criminals" should be stripped of their Dutch nationality and deported. He also referred to Moroccans as "Scum". Wilders insisted on counterattacking "Islamisation" in the Netherlands by closing the borders, banning immigrants from Islamic countries, shutting out refugees and banning Muslim women from wearing hijab in public.

The recent U.S. Presidential election won by Donald Trump seem to have boosted the spirit of fascist movements both in Europe and America. Americans woke up in the morning of 9th of November 2016 and were left with shock by a new leadership order. Donald Trump a property mogul, a television producer and a politician who stormed the Republican Party like a colossus and made his way as a Republican Presidential nominee. At the beginning, Donald Trump was seen as a joker, perhaps, not being fit in, for the Presidential race. His campaign slogan was "Make America Great Again" a slogan that was later embedded in the hearts of millions; he created a movement of millions of supporters in the United States. He campaigned strongly against his Democratic rival Hillary Rodham Clinton by smearing her with invective language as "crooked and corrupt." Hillary was viewed by Trump's supporters as corrupted because of the email issue which affected her rating during the election, unfortunately; she conceded to Trump a defeat, which shocked the whole world.

During the election, Trump was vocal with his political rhetoric on America failed immigration system, on the country's foreign policy and the decline of America military strength in the world. He claimed to be a pragmatist and expressed his passion for America and his hate against the Islamic religion. He accused immigrants mostly from Mexico as drug peddlers, rapists and other criminal activities. "What we are going to do is get the people that are criminals and have criminal records - gang members, drug dealers . . . we are getting them out of our country or we are going to incarcerate," he said in an interview on CBS's 60 Minutes on Sunday the 13th of November 2016. Only then, with the border secured and "everything normalised", would he decide on a plan to deal with the "terrific people" who are in the US illegally but have clean criminal histories. Trump estimated to deport between two and three million people. He promised to build a wall between the borders of the United States and Mexico and insist that Mexico will foot the bill for the construction of the wall.

However, if Donald Trump should succeed in removing millions of undocumented immigrants in America, history would seem to have repeated itself perhaps it will be the second time in 85 years this will happen. The first time was during the Great Depression of the 1930s, counties and cities in the America's Southwest and Midwest forced Mexicans immigrants and their families to leave the U.S. over concerns they were taking jobs away from Whites, despite their legal right to stay. Around 500,000 to 1million Mexicans immigrants and Mexican- Americans were sent back to their country. History has it that about 60 percent of those that were allowed to remain were American citizens. However many sad stories were told as families lost most of their possessions and some family members died on their way trying to return. Many cities such as San Antonio, Houston and Los Angeles became ghost cities.

Donald Trump will trample on some of the America's core values on foreign policy as he assured the electorates during his campaign to withdraw the country from North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) if he is elected as President. As one would ask what is his rationale behind this? He says it cost the U.S. too much money. In an interview with The Washington Post the President -elect said "We certainly can't afford to do this anymore," Trump said, "NATO is costing us a fortune, and yes, we're protecting Europe with NATO, but we're spending a lot of money."

If America should leave NATO it will diminish the country's leadership role in Europe and around the world especially now Russia is conquering more territories within its neighbours. Russia will continue to play rivalry with the U.S. in areas of espionage, and on cyber attack. Recently, it was reported that some classified materials were released by Russia from the email of the Democratic Presidential flag bearer Hillary Clinton but the Russian government swiftly refuted the allegation.

Russia and U.S. had been long outstanding foes which perhaps, the collapse of communist Soviet was an advantage to America's interest in its leadership role in the world affairs. President Vladimir Putin has reiterated that the collapse of the Soviet Union was the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century. Putin is feisty with the relics of the old Soviet era perhaps try to reinvent the new Soviet Union. He looks inexorable with Russia dream of becoming a great player in the world affairs; he does not entertain any distraction when it comes to Russia's interest. In his address to the Russian Federation on his re-election in 2004, he said: "We are free nation our place in the modern world will be defined only by how successful and strong we are." Russia, China and other emerging military powers will like to see America declined in power perhaps an opportunity to take their rightful position in the world stage. Russia will like to deal with Trump than Hillary Clinton because Putin believed that Hillary will be a continuation of Obama's administration that has dealt badly with Russia's economy through series of economic sanctions.

After the Second World War of (1939-1945), United State took the lead as the most powerful nation on earth. The disintegration of Soviet Union into component states in 1991 made America to be the remaining Super Power in the world; unfortunately, comes January 20th, 2017 Mr Donald Trump will be inaugurated as the 45th President of United States of America. The America Oval Office will be headed by a Populist, a divisive leader and a racist. During his campaign, he was endorsed by a group like Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and other Hate groups.

After the election results were announced in favour of Donald Trump immediately, NASDAQ and other World Stock Markets plummeted. Both the European Union and the rest of the international communities are worried about the America relationship with the world. As Trump leads the most powerful nation on earth, the world is nervous with his divisive political ideology. His first 100 Days in office will be closely watched and monitored both from within and the outside world especially from the perspective of U.S. close allies like South Korea, Japan, Germany which Trump repeatedly said that the United States will longer watch their back militarily without these countries paying for the service. Unfortunately, Trump failed to understand that part of America's greatness was embedded in its ability to protect allies and precise, the United States cannot operate alone without these countries.

Since almost two decades after 9/11 terror attack, the America's foreign policy and its strategies have weakened and declined. Many schools of thought believed that the United States might be heading as a failed empire? However, the era of the 20th century witnessed the collapse of seven great empires- Mandarin China, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Turkey, Japan, the British Empire, and twice over the case of Tsarist and Soviet Russia. These were great empires that were so invincible until they met their waterloo. The future of America depends on how Trump stirs the ship of his administration in the next 4 years or rather 8 years. Trump should shun away populist agenda but to pursue a sedulous cause that will unite both the United States and the rest of the world. The world cannot afford to have another Hitler.

TITBITS:

http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/trumps-victory-buoying-white-nationalists-anti-discrimination-advocates/story?id=43467300

https://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images?p=the+UKIP+party

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/02/17/politics/donald-trump-mexico-wall/index.html

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